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Лауреаты премии Вольфа (сельское хозяйство)

{{Значения|Лауреаты премии Вольфа}} {{main|Премия Вольфа}} {|class="standard" |- ! Год вручения ! Лауреат ! Страна/организация ! За что присуждена премия |- |rowspan=2| 1978 | George F. Sprague | {{USA}} | for his outstanding research on the genetic amelioration of maize for human welfare. |- | [[Уокер, Джон Чарлз|Джон Уокер]] | {{USA}} | for his research in plant pathology, developing of disease-resistant varieties of major food plants. |- |rowspan=2| 1979 | {{нп5|Лаш, Джей|Джей Лаш||Jay L. Lush}} | {{USA}} | for his outstanding and pioneering contributions to the application of genetics to livestock improvement; |- | {{нп5|Блэстер, Кеннет|Кеннет Блэкстер||Sir Kenneth Blaxter}} | {{GBR}} | for his fundamental contributions to the science and practice of ruminant nutrition and livestock production. |- | 1980 | {{нп5|Мараморош, Карл|Карл Мараморош||Karl Maramorosch}} | {{POL}} / {{USA}} | for his pioneering and wide-ranging studies on interactions between insects and disease agents in plants. |- | rowspan=3|1981 | John O. Almquist | {{USA}} | for his significant contributions to the application of artificial insemination to livestock improvement. |- | {{нп5|Ларди, Генри|Генри Ларди||Henry A. Lardy}} | {{USA}} | for his pioneering research on storage and preservation of spermatozoa thus enabling artificial insemination to become a universal practice. |- | Glenn W. Salisbury | {{USA}} | for his outstanding achievements in basic and applied research on artificial insemination. |- | 1982 | {{нп5|Роэлофс, Венделл|Венделл Роэлофс||Wendell L. Roelofs}} | {{USA}} | for his fundamental chemical and biological research on pheromones and their practical use in insect control. |- | 1983/4 | {{нп5|Кёркхэм, Дон|Дон Кёркхэм||Don Kirkham}} <br> Cornelis T. de Wit | {{USA}} <br> {{NED}} | for their innovative contributions to the quantitative understanding of soil-water and other environmental interactions influencing crop growth and yield. |- | 1984/5 | {{нп5|Бёррис, Роберт|Роберт Бёррис||Robert H. Burris}} | {{USA}} | for his pioneering fundamental research on the mechanisms of biological nitrogen fixation and its application in crop production. |- | 1986 | {{нп5|Райли, Ральф|Ральф Райли||Ralph Riley}} <br> Ernest R. Sears | {{GBR}} <br> {{USA}} | for their fundamental research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains. |- | 1987 | [[Динер, Теодор Отто|Теодор Динер]] | {{USA}} | for his discovery and pioneering fundamental research on viroids and his applied work on viroid detection in crops. |- | 1988 | Charles Thibault <br> {{нп5|Полдж, Кристофер|Кристофер Полдж||Christopher Polge}} | {{FRA}}; <br> {{GBR}} | for pioneering work in reproductive physiology including cell preservation, fertilization processes, egg biology and embryo manipulations for domestic animal improvement. |- | 1989 | Peter M. Biggs <br> Michael Elliott | {{GBR}} <br> {{GBR}} | for distinguished contributions to basic science and its successful translation into practice in the fields of animal health and [[crop protection]]. |- | 1990 | {{нп5|Шелл, Йозеф|Йозеф Шелл||Jozef Schell}} | {{BEL}} | for his pioneering work in genetic transformation of plants, thereby opening up new horizons in basic plant science and breeding. |- | 1991 | {{нп5|Ян Сянфа|Ян Сянфа||Shang Fa Yang}} | {{flag|Taiwan}} / {{USA}} | for his remarkable contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of biosynthesis, mode of action and applications of the plant hormone, Ethylene. |- | 1992 || Не вручалась |||| |- | 1993 | {{нп5|Кэсида, Джон|Джон Кэсида||John E. Casida}} | {{USA}} | for his pioneering studies on the mode of action of insecticides, design of safer pesticides and contributions to the understanding of nerve and muscle function in insects. |- | 1994/5 | {{нп5|Хаффэйкер, Карл|Карл Хаффэйкер||Carl Barton Huffaker}} <br> Perry L. Adkisson | {{USA}} <br> {{USA}} | for their contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops. |- | 1995/6 | Morris Schnitzer <br> Frank J. Stevenson | {{CAN}} <br> {{USA}} | for their pioneering contributions to our understanding of the chemistry of soil organic matter and its application to agriculture. |- | 1996/7 | {{нп5|Фёрст, Нил|Нил Фёрст||Neal L. First}} | {{USA}} | for his pioneering research in the reproductive biology of livestock. |- | 1998 | {{нп5|Чет, Илан|Илан Чет||Ilan Chet}} <br> {{нп5|Стефанссон, Бальдур|Бальдур Стефанссон||Baldur R. Stefansson}} | {{ISR}} <br> {{CAN}} | for their contributions to the environmentally safe development of world agriculture through innovative approaches in breeding and bio-control. |- | 1999 || Не вручалась || || |- | 2000 | {{нп5|Хуш, Гурдев|Гурдев Хуш||Gurdev Khush}} | {{IND}} | for his extraordinary contribution to theoretical research in plant genetics, evolution and breeding especially of rice, with regard to food production and alleviation of hunger. |- | 2001 | {{нп5|Бичи, Роджер|Роджер Бичи||Roger N. Beachy}} <br> {{нп5|Вомэк, Джеймс|Джеймс Вомэк||James E. Womack}} | {{USA}} <br> {{USA}} | for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant and animal sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields. |- | 2002/3 | R. Michael Roberts <br> {{нп5|Бэйзер, Фуллер|Фуллер Бэйзер||Fuller W. Bazer}} | {{GBR}} / {{USA}}; <br> {{USA}} | for discoveries of [[Interferon tau]] and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being. |- | 2004 | {{нп5|Юань Лунпин|Юань Лунпин||Yuan Longping}} <br> {{нп5|Тэнксли, Стивен|Стивен Тэнксли||Steven D. Tanksley}} | {{CHN}} <br> {{USA}} | for innovative development of hybrid rice and discovery of the genetic basis of heterosis in this important food staple. |- | 2005 || Не присуждалась|| || |- | 2006/7 | {{нп5|Филлипс, Рональд|Рональд Филлипс||Ronald L. Phillips}} <br> {{нп5|Джорджес, Майкл|Майкл Джорджес||Michel A. J. Georges}} | {{USA}} <br> {{BEL}} | for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and genomics, laying the foundations for improvements in crop and livestock breeding, and sparking important advances in plant and animal sciences. |- | 2008 | {{нп5|Пикетт, Джон|Джон Пикетт||John A. Pickett}} <br> James H. Tumlinson <br> W. Joe Lewis | {{GBR}} <br> {{USA}} <br> {{USA}} | for their remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. Their scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability. |- | 2009 || Не присуждалась|| || |- | 2010 | {{нп5|Болкомб, Дэвид|Дэвид Болкомб||David Baulcombe}} | {{GBR}} | for his pioneering discovery of gene regulation by small inhibitory RNA molecules in plants, which is of profound importance not only for agriculture, but also for biology as a whole, including the field of medicine. |- | rowspan=2|2011 | Harris A. Lewin | {{USA}} | for highly significant discoveries, that contribute to both fundamental and practical aspects of animal agriculture. |- | James R. Cook | {{USA}} | for seminal discoveries in plant pathology and soil microbiology that impact crop productivity and disease management. |- | 2012 || Не присуждалась || || |- | rowspan=2|2013 | {{нп5|Мессинг, Йоахим|Йоахим Мессинг||Joachim Messing}} | {{USA}} / {{GER}} | for innovations in recombinant DNA cloning, which revolutionized agriculture, and for deciphering the genetic codes of crop plants. |- | [[Даймонд, Джаред|Джаред Даймонд]] | {{USA}} | for pioneering theories of crop domestication, the rise of agriculture and its influences on the development and demise of human societies, and its impact on the ecology of the environment. |} == Ссылки == * [http://www.wolffund.org.il/index.php?dir=site&page=winners&name=&prize=Select+All&year=Select+All&field=3000 Список лауреатов на сайте Фонда Вольфа] [[Категория:Лауреаты премии Вольфа (сельское хозяйство)|*]]

11.09.2013 16:14:06